Module Four: Ecological Impacts - Online Lesson
Soft ecotourism is found in a few very limited areas in a small number of public and private protected areas.
Hard ecotourism is dispersed within and among protected areas (Weaver, 2001).
The fundamental challenge for land managers is to protect the ecological or socio-cultural integrity of protected areas. There are no current standards for defining "sustainable" practice. A key requirement for any ecotourism operation is that of "sustainability."
Misrepresentation of Ecotourism
When any business or activity is referred to as "ecotourism," it must meet the core criteria listed below.
Four core criteria of ecotourism.
Deliberate misrepresentation of a business or activity that does not meet these criteria is using ecotourism to promote business, this is "greenwashing" or "eco-selling."
Unfortunately, too many individuals and companies inappropriately use the ecotourism label to market their product or services. This misrepresentation harms the entire ecotourism industry.
Impact Management Strategies
Ecotourism Priority: to minimize the ecological costs of ecotourism and maximize the benefits.
Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS)
First developed in North America, it is useful method
for considering the opportunities for recreation in parks it involves
looking at the various settings for recreation that
result from the characteristics and management of a park. Settings can be
expressed in terms of factors such as degree of vehicle access, amount of
development, use levels and time taken to get to a location.