The act of moving people
toward goal achievement.
What a leader does that
causes others to act or behave in certain ways.
A specific process
designed to produce changes in others’ behaviors through the use of
A process employed by the
leader to assist individuals and groups in identifying and achieving their
A Leader can be thought of as an individual who guides,
directs, and influences the attitudes and behavior of others.
DYNAMIC LEADERSHIP REQUIREMENTS
Every group of
individuals that acts together has a leader, either someone who spontaneously
emerges as a leader or who is elected or appointed.
Before becoming a
good leader, one should learn to be a good follower.
FOLLOWERSHIP – “the ability
to serve in a democratic group situation under the leadership of a member of
that group but still retain the capacity to suggest, criticize and evaluate, as
well as serve in the project.”
Should already have
acquired the skill of living congenially with a group.
Maintain a spirit of
cooperation and teamwork.
Unselfishly willing to
sacrifice their own wishes for the best interest of the group.
Possesses the ability to
weld a group into a well-coordinated team with each member contributing
according to individual ability.
TYPES OF LEADERSHIP
Autocratic - (Authoritarian) controls the direction and decision making
about activities, goals, procedures for the entire group.
seldom consider the
opinion or desires of their campers
believe in own judgments,
seldom seek advise
this technique may
satisfy a desire for power over others in an unhealthy way
– almost the exact opposite of autocratic style consisting of no authority or
leadership at all.
believe in complete
self-direction of campers.
believe that harmony
happens when people are free to do as they please.
– often called “shared” or “participatory” leadership.
The art of working with, for and
in the group without losing control of
works cooperatively with
encourages campers to
express views and participate
understands that group
process will be slower since explanations, discussions, and group action take
all participants have a
chance to express themselves and share in the decision-making processes of the
camp directly or indirectly through representation on unit council, etc.
HELP CAMP COUNSELORS DEVELOP LEADERSHIP SKILLS
Lead by example
Good sense of humor
misunderstandings and feuds
Work side by side with
rest of group
Know the value of fun
Suggest, don’t order
Give praise freely, see
good in everyone
Have concern for
Avoid use of physical
Use disciplinary actions
only when absolutely necessary
UNDERSTANDING GROUP DEVELOPMENT
through five stages of development.
Power and control stage
Copyright 2001 Northern Arizona University, ALL RIGHTS RESERVED